1. :(TCO 1) The two overarching goals of ________ are to increase quality and years of healthy life and to eliminate health disparities.Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)the USDAHealthy People 2010the American Dietetic Association (ADA) 2. :(TCO 1) An increased risk for obesity heart disease and Type 2 diabetes is associated with:diets high in saturated fats.diets low in fiber fruits vegetables and whole grains.diets high in monounsaturated fats and dairy products.both diets high in saturated fats and diets low in fiber fruits vegetables and whole grains. 3. :(TCO 1) The building blocks of proteins are called:fatty acids.amino acids.saccharides.nitrogen fragments. 4. :(TCO 1) Which of the following is a micronutrient?CarbohydratesVitaminsLipidsAlcohol 5. :(TCO 1) Which of the following is NOT an essential nutrient?WaterAlcoholVitaminsMinerals 6. :(TCO 1) For dinner Bill consumes 255 grams of carbohydrate 70 grams of protein and 50 grams of fat. In addition Bill decides that he wants a glass of wine with his meal. If he drinks one glass of wine containing 8 grams of alcohol how many total kilocalories does he consume in this meal?56 kilocalories540 kilocalories1675 kilocalories1806 kilocalories 7. :(TCO 2) Which of the following describes the vitamins A D E and K?Excreted via the urineSoluble in waterDaily consumption is necessaryCan be stored in adipose and liver tissue 8. :(TCO 2) The Dietary Guidelines to Americans has defined physically active as a:minimum of 60 minutes of moderate activity most days.minimum of 30 minutes of moderate activity most days.minimum of 15 minutes of intense activity most days.total of 8 hours of moderate activity per week. 9. :(TCO 2) Which of the following is a limitation of the Exchange System?It can be difficult to learn because the portion sizes differ between exchange lists.Some find the plan restrictive because combination and special occasion foods are prohibited.The diet plan can be monotonous because dietary substitutions are difficult to calculate.Individuals may consume too many kilocalories following this plan because there is no distinction between lean and high-fat meats. 10. :(TCO 2) Your grandmother has recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Which of the following professionals is most likely to be qualified to offer your grandmother assistance in planning her diabetic diet?Registered Dietitian (RD)PhD in nutritionmedical doctor (MD)nutritionist 11. :(TCO 2) Which of the following is NOT a regulator of satiety in the body?GI tracthypothalamushormoneskidney 12. :(TCO 2) Including fiber in your diet is beneficial to your GI tract but consuming excess amounts of fiber can result in the loss of nutrients. This statement is an example of which of the factors to consider in planning diets?adequacycalorie controlvarietymoderation 13. :(TCO 3) What are probiotics?specialty foods in which nutrients have been addedantibiotics that are specific to harmful bacteria while protecting healthful bacterialive microorganisms naturally found in or supplemented to food productsfoods known to have disease-fighting effects 14. :(TCO 3) Bob eats his breakfast and his GI tract will now begin the process of digesting and absorbing the nutrients from this meal. What is the order in which each of the organs of the GI tract will work to achieve this process?mouth: esophagus: small intestine: stomach: large intestinemouth: esophagus: stomach: small intestine: large intestinemouth: stomach: esophagus: small intestine: large intestinemouth: stomach: esophagus: large intestine: small intestine 15. :(TCO 3) What is the term that describes the process in which nutrients pass through the wall of the gastrointestinal tract?digestionabsorptioneliminationsegmentation 16. :(TCO 3) Proteins that act to speed up body processes but are not changed in the process are called:hormones.peptides.enzymes.chymes. 17. :(TCO 3) Collectively the nerves of the gastrointestinal tract are referred to as:peptic nerves.hepatic nerves.enteric nerves.gastric nerves. :(TCO 4) Which of the following are substances in plant foods that are not absorbed by the body?starchdisaccharidesdietary fibersimple sugars 2. :(TCO 4) When fructose and glucose are bonded together they form:table sugar.malt sugar.milk sugar.fruit sugar. 3. :(TCO 4) After a meal which hormone is responsible for moving glucose into the body’s cells?glucagonestrogenCCKinsulin 4. :(TCO 4) ________ is a highly branched arrangement of glucose molecules found in liver and skeletal muscle cells.FructoseStarchGlycogenRaffinose 5. :(TCO 4) Individuals with the disease PKU (phenylketonuria) should not consume the artificial sweetener aspartame. Why?People with PKU are highly prone to development of diabetes.People with PKU are allergic to the sweetener.People with PKU experience severe headaches when they consume aspartame.People with PKU cannot metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine. 6. :(TCO 4) In type 1 diabetes the ________ may be destroyed by an autoimmune disease.hepatocytes of the liverbeta cells of the pancreasneurotransmitters of the brainglomerulus cells of the kidney 7. :(TCO 4) Diabetes is a condition in which the body doesn’t process ________ properly.vitaminsproteincarbohydratefat 8. :(TCO 4) Sean is planning to bake a batch of chocolate chip cookies for his girlfriend. Which of the following artificial sweeteners would be the best substitute for the sugar in the recipe?aspartamesaccharinsucraloseolestra 9. :(TCO 1-6) Which of the following BEST describes the Delaney Clause?government action that prevents the intentional addition of compounds that have been shown to cause cancer in animals or humansgovernment recommendation that all predatory fish be tested for mercury before being sold to the consumerlist of food additives generally regarded as safe; established in 1958 by the U.S. Congresspending legislation to ban irradiation as a method of food preservation 10. :(TCO 1-6) Which of the following is NOT an advantage of using biopesticides?degrade rapidly and are easily washed away by waterdo not leave pesticide residues on cropscan be produced synthetically and are therefore inexpensiveare less toxic to humans and the environment 11. :(TCO 1-6) In the United States the most common food-borne illnesses result from which of the following bacteria?Giardia lambliaSalmonellaCampylobacter jejuniClostridium botulinum 12. :(TCO 1-6) The primary symptom of Giardia infection is:jaundice.diarrhea.dementia.anemia. 13. :(TCO 1-6) Which government agency regulates the labeling sale distribution use and disposal of all pesticides in the United States?Food and Drug AdministrationUnited States Department of AgricultureEnvironmental Protection AgencyCenters for Disease Control 14. :(TCO 1-6) Bovine spongiform encephalopathy is a food-borne illness also known as:mad cow disease.typhoid fever.Norwalk virus.hepatitis A. 15. :(TCO 1-6) The main symptom associated with Clostridium botulinum intoxication is:diarrhea.paralysis.anemia.jaundice. 16. :(TCO 1-6) Why is rBGH given to many U.S. dairy cows?to prevent the growth of microbes in the cows’ milkto improve the nutritional quality of the cows’ milkto strengthen the cows’ immune systemsto increase milk production without increasing feed 17. :(TCO 1-6) The easiest and most effective way to prevent food-borne illnesses is to:wash hands before handling food.separate foods to avoid cross-contamination.chill foods to prevent microbes from growing.cook foods to their proper temperature.1. :(TCO 5) Which of the following triggers the breakdown of stored fat?Lipoprotein lipaseAdrenalineInsulinEstrogen 2. :(TCO 5) How does fat consumption relate to Vitamin A D E and K intake?These vitamins are normally highly unstable molecules and are stabilized by fatty acids.These vitamins are insoluble in water and require fats for their absorption and transport.Fats provide the energy required to move these large molecules across the intestinal wall.These vitamins are only found in animal sources. 3. :(TCO 5) Transport vehicles for most lipids are called:lipoproteins.peptides.monoglycerides.glycerols. 4. :(TCO 5) How many calories are potentially provided by 25 grams of fat?23 kilocalories100 kilocalories225 kilocalories2250 kilocalories 5. :(TCO 5) One potential problem with a very low-fat diet is that it may be deficient in:phosphorus.cholesterol.trans fatty acids.essential fatty acids. 6. :(TCO 5) To facilitate the digestion of dietary fats the gallbladder stores and releases a substance known as:lipase.bile.hydrochloric acid.bicarbonate. 7. :(TCO 5) Which of the following is a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids?Corn oilCoconut oilBeef fatButter 8. :(TCO 5) Diets high in ________ have been shown to increase blood levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL).saturated fatty acidstrans fatty acidsomega-3 fatty acidsomega-6 fatty acids 9. :(TCO 6) The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called:the protein combining method.amino acid sequencing method.mutual supplementation.protein. 10. :(TCO 6) The absorption of proteins occurs in the:stomach.small intestine.large intestine.liver. 11. :(TCO 6) Which of the following is NOT a major function of protein in the human body?Maintaining fluid balanceProviding energy to the bodyGrowth and maintenance of new tissueSynthesis of hormones 12. :(TCO 6) Proteases are:protein messengers that are released from storage in response to an alteration in the body’s homeostasis.transport proteins that move substances throughout the body.defense proteins that attack foreign bacteria viruses and toxins.enzymes that break down protein. 13. :(TCO 6) Milk curdles when lemon juice is added to it. The change that occurs in the protein is called:denaturation.translocation.transcription.deamination.Instructor Explanation: Chapter 6Points Received: 4 of 4Comments: 14. :(TCO 6) Vegetarian diets are associated with increased consumption of ________.carcinogensantioxidantsprionsVitamins B12 and D 15. :(TCO 6) The process of transferring the amine group from one amino acid to another is called:gene expression.alteration.deamination.transamination. 16. :(TCO 6) Protein digestion begins in the ________.mouthstomachsmall intestinepancreas
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