According to the lecture, Case Law refers to: In part 2 of Joel s grand unified theory, understanding a patient involves conceptualizing the case as the interaction of disease factors, health behaviors, and: People experiencing high levels of stress are _____ likely to report symptoms and ______ likely to have their symptoms acknowledged as indicating a disease. Poor people, in comparison to wealthy people, utilize health care _______, and when they do their illnesses are _________.

Joel said everything is local. This means that:
Treatments work differently in different contexts
Each treatment setting references a different research literature
Different settings for practicing health psychology have different policies and
customs
You can t have a systematic approach for practicing health psychology

According to the lecture, Case Law refers to:
Things learned from one case (e.g., non-dysphoric depression) that you can apply
in the future
One case sets a precedent for judges to follow in future legal rulings
Decisions made about one case (e.g., insomnia) don t apply to other similar cases
General principles like behavioral theory don t apply to a specific case

In part 2 of Joel s grand unified theory, understanding a patient involves conceptualizing
the case as the interaction of disease factors, health behaviors, and:
Demographic variables
Medical factors
Psychosocial factors
Prevention behaviors

One implication of Joel s understanding of CBT is that:
Assessment must include a functional analysis and monitoring
Assessment must include personality tests and symptom checklists
The externally regulated behavior has become automatic
Health behaviors (like sleep) should not be automatically (internally) regulated
Research must reveal a relationship among which three factors before
psychoneuroimmunology research can be considered completely successful?
endocrine function, power motivation, and social support
psychological factors, endocrine function, and disease
psychological factors, immune system function, and disease
immune system function, sympathetic nervous system activity, and conditioning
immune system function, nervous system function, and antibody production

Although the terms "disease" and "illness" are often used interchangeably, they have
somewhat different meanings. Technically, disease refers to

psychological disorders.
the experience of being sick.
the process of physical damage.
an existing, official diagnosis.

People experiencing high levels of stress are _____ likely to report symptoms and
______ likely to have their symptoms acknowledged as indicating a disease.
more . . .more
more . . .less
less . . .less
less . . .more

Women are more likely than men to seek health care, possibly because
they feel less stress than men.
they tend to be more introverted.
they have more diseases than men.
they may be more sensitive to their internal body status.

A _______ is the event that separates illness behavior from sick role behavior.
heart attack
diagnosis
hospitalization
death

Poor people, in comparison to wealthy people, utilize health care _______, and when
they do their illnesses are _________.
less often; severe
less often; not severe
more often; severe
more often; not severe

Of all ethnic groups, _____ are the most likely to report a visit to a physician.
Asian Americans
European American
African Americans

Mexican Americans

To help people 65 years old and older, the United States Congress established
the Health Maintenance Act.
Medicaid.
Medicare.
the Dole/Clinton Act of 2001.

In the United States,
most people with health insurance are either employed or have a family member
who is employed.
all citizens must possess health insurance.
every person 65 or older receives free prescription drugs.
private health insurance is not available to people with Medicare.

Medical errors cause some deaths in the United States. Research suggests that the
number of such deaths per year is at least
2,000.
6,000.
21,000.
44,000.

Parents who reassure children who are about to undergo stressful medical procedures,
telling them that "There's nothing to be afraid of"
provide effective models.
decrease the anxiety level in their children, but raise it in themselves.
are more effective than filmed models in helping a child cope with the stressful
medical procedure.
tend to increase rather than decrease their children's fears.

Individual nerve cells are called
synapses.
protons.
neurons.
ganglions.

The space between neurons is called
an interneuron.
an intraneuron.
a neurotransmitter.
the synaptic cleft.

The peripheral nervous system is divided into two parts:
the afferent and efferent branches.
the spinal cord and brain.
the spinal cord and parasympathetic nervous system.
the somatic and autonomic nervous systems.

The autonomic nervous system has two subdivisions:
afferents and efferents.
central and peripheral nervous systems
the brain and the spinal cord.
sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.

The sympathetic nervous system
is a division of the parasympathetic nervous system.
mobilizes the resources of the body during stressful or emergency situations.
is activated at an elevated rate during the exhaustion stage.
all of these are correct

The endocrine system consists of
a system of ductless glands within the brain and spinal cord.
a system of ducted glands in the digestive system.
a system of both ducted and ductless glands oriented toward reproduction.
a system of ductless glands distributed throughout the body.

What is the difference between glands of the endocrine and neuroendocrine systems?
Glands in the neuroendocrine system are controlled by the nervous system.
Glands in the endocrine system are controlled by the autonomic nervous system
not the sympathetic nervous system.
Glands in the neuroendocrine system secrete hormones, but those in the endocrine
system do not.

Glands in the endocrine system secrete hormones, but those in the neuroendocrine
system do not.
Which chemical substances of the endocrine system serve functions similar to the
neurotransmitters of the nervous system?
lymph nodes
hormones
arterioles
efferents

Lazarus and Folkman suggested that stress is
a nonspecific response.
influenced by one's view of the situation.
a transactional process.
both b and c are correct

Both Selye's and Lazarus's theories of stress suggest that stress
is a nonspecific response.
has both environmental and personal sources.
is analogous to a pathogen.
is characterized by all of these.

Discrimination is a source of stress that may increase the risk for _______.
cardiovascular disease
mental health problems
both cardiovascular disease and health problems
none of the above

People who are ________ are more likely to use problem-focused coping and adjust
their coping strategies to meet the demands of specific situations.
pessimistic
optimistic
narcissistic
healthy

People who are ________ are more likely to use problem-focused coping and adjust
their coping strategies to meet the demands of specific situations.
pessimistic
optimistic
narcissistic
healthy

Cognitive behavioral therapy
works toward changing attitudes and behavior.
emphasizes attitudes and minimizes the role of behavior.
focuses on the analysis of irrational beliefs and thoughts rather than behavior.
both emphasizes and focuses

James Pennebaker has demonstrated that
writing or talking about traumatic events can produce positive results.
relaxation techniques are more effective than temperature biofeedback in reducing
headache pain.
social support is critical in helping pain patients cope.
social support is not critical in helping pain patients cope.

The main function of the immune system is to
manufacture white blood cells.
manufacture red blood cells.
protect internal organs.
defend against foreign invaders.

Nonspecific immune system response
provides the first line of defense against foreign substances in the body.
occurs in a nonspecific order.
has the ability to create a type of memory that confers immunity.
protects against specific immune responses that threaten the body.
Suppression of the immune system
is a desirable action following most major surgery.
will stop infection.
leaves the body vulnerable to infection.

never occurs naturally, but can be induced with drugs.
Allergic reactions are
a result of digestive system dysfunction.
an abnormal immune system reaction to a foreign substance.
caused by viruses.
more common in people whose immune systems are not fully functional at birth.
Autoimmune disease occurs when
the immune system loses its effectiveness.
T-cells are reduced by 90%.
malignant cells proliferate, producing a demand for numerous immune system
responses.
the immune system attacks body cells rather than invaders.
The commonality among all the systems, practices, and products that are considered
alternative is
that they are ineffective except for the placebo response.
that they are not accepted within conventional medicine.
their higher degree of effectiveness compared to conventional techniques.
What do all alternative medical systems have in common?
The systems are holistic, considering psychological factors as well as physical
factors in health.
arose long ago and are now accepted by very few people.
accept the importance of manipulation of the skin and organs in the healing
process.
emphasize physical factors and minimize psychological and emotional factors.
The main limitation on the use of CAM is
the body of research that indicates no real effects for these techniques.
the widespread lack of acceptance by the public.
the lack of research on these techniques.
the campaign by conventional medicine to prevent people from using CAM.
According to Joel, CBT consists of:
Behaviorism + Health Behaviors
Health Behaviors + Cognitive Therapy

Health communication + Behavior Therapy
Behaviorism + Cognitive Therapy
Using modeling to help children in the hospital prepare for stressful medical procedures
is not successful in helping children prepare for surgery but can help with less serious
procedures
is successful with children but not with adolescents or adults.
can be as successful as drugs when modeling is combined with a cognitive behavioral
intervention
can be effective if the parents of the young patient are not allowed to participate
The central nervous system consists of the
heart and the blood vessels.
brain and the spinal cord
brain and the blood vessels.
somatic and the autonomic nervous systems

 
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