Global Value Chain Strategy & Development Discussion
GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS, STRATEGY AND DEVELOPMENT
Individual Essay, 3500 words essay covers 50% of the module mark. The Essay aims to deepen student’s knowledge and critical understanding of one of the core themes covered in the module including governance, strategy from the perspective of lead firms or/and suppliers, supplier capability development, economic and social upgrading, decent work conditions, gender dynamics and institutional environment shaping GVCs. Following are a some of suggested topic questions/essay statements.
al., (2005)) appropriately captures the heterogeneity of institutional, industry, and firm-level dimensions of GVCs. Discuss.
economic and social upgrading in global value chains. Discuss.
internal agencies, capabilities and strategic intentions. Discuss.
domestic firms to lead their own global or regional value chains. Discuss.
in GVCs lies primarily with firms employing the workers rather than
the lead firms. Discuss. Global Value Chain Strategy & Development Discussion
Students can choose ONE of the above topic questions/essay statements, or if the student would like to write an essay on a different topic question/essay statement, then students have the freedom to develop their own essay statement/question. This statement/question can also emerge from the insights of your chosen sector or/and mapped GVC.
Questions to be addressed in each part of the Essay and suggested structure
The Essay will be structured into Introduction, Main Body and Conclusion.
Introduction (10%) o Describe the importance of the topic to global value chains, o Establish your position
Comment on the topic or title – whether you agree or disagree with
the statement and why
E.g. “Private standards may lead to economic upgrading but
constraint social upgrading and decent working conditions because – summarise the argument.”
o Define the key terms and concepts (private standards, social upgrading, economic upgrading etc.)
o Methodology: Few lines on the main sources/literature/database to write this Essay
o Direct the reader by stating which aspects of the topic you intend to cover and why
Discusses the theoretical understanding of the selected theme from a critical perspective (60% of the overall marks). Students should draw upon academic and non-academic literature to develop a critical perspective on the chosen theme.
o What is the big idea/main argument of the Essay. Introduce the main argument
Explain the argument that private standards may lead to economic
upgrading but constraint social upgrading
Discuss the theoretical rationale from different theoretical
perspectives (e.g. GVC governance perspective, Institutional perspective, Resource-based perspective etc.)
o Define and discuss the key concepts related to the argument (e.g. private standards, economic upgrading, social upgrading etc.)
o Provide evidence in support of your main arguments (See below) Global Value Chain Strategy & Development Discussion
Types of evidence:
o Providesomeacademicresearchevidencethatsupportsyour main argument
o E.g. the empirical link between private standards and economic upgrading
o Providerelevantexamplesfromseminarexercises,newspaper articles, cases, or other real-world examples
o E.g. MNEs working with NGOs to control and coordinate value chains
o You may provide statistical figures or related qualitative data through institutional (WTO, UNCTAD) essays etc. supporting the main argument.
Discuss the managerial and/or policy implications of the core issues (25%). You can discuss
o Threemanagerialorpolicyimplications OR
o Two managerial implications and One policy implication OR
o One managerial implication and Two policy implications
Example – since private standards constraint social upgrading, supply- chain managers in the labour-intensive industry need to work along with the CSR department to develop standards that encourage both economic and social upgrading (Managerial)
Example – since private standards in Bangladesh does not encourage social upgrading of workers in garment factories, the government of Bangladesh needs to play an active role in negotiating and facilitating practices that reduce the gap between well-intended standards and beneficial outcomes for workers (Policy). Global Value Chain Strategy & Development Discussion
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