Key Elements Of Primary Ethical Theories

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(use APA 6th ed. guidelines)

SESTION 1 (30-points)

Please complete the following mandatory question.

Question 1: From the perspective of Western tradition, the development of ethical theory dates back to Plato and Aristotle in ancient Greece. The word ethics has its roots in the Greek word ethos, which translates to “customs, conduct, or character.” Ethics is concerned with the kinds of values and morals an individual or a society finds desirable or appropriate. Furthermore, ethical thinking and behavior is associated with civic virtue of individuals and their motives. Ethical theory provides a system of rules or principles that can guide us in making decisions about what society considers ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ or ‘good’ or ‘bad’ in particular situations or challenges. In other words, ethics provide ethical leaders with a blueprint for what it means to be a morally decent human being.

*Critically thinking about these statements above, answer or address the following (each sub-question is weighed at 10-points, top awarded answers will provide a balance between providing a full answer and conciseness):

  • What are the primary ethical theories that you have learned about, concisely describing their key element(s).
  • Society can sometimes tell us what is ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ that might not always be best for humanity or the common good––our history is full of this. Explain concisely what is meant by this. Also, as ethical leaders (EL) how do we move toward desired futures that considers what it is to do ‘good’ for the common good?
  • Please write your personal Code of Ethics. Consider your core values, team shared values, and new insights gained from the course theory and practice. How might they possibly provide a blueprint or guide for your thinking and action as an ethical leader (EL)? Give examples of how they enable you to formulate thinking and action in the future as an EL to influence organizational and societal relationships.

SECTION 2 (30-points)

Please complete one of the questions from the option of the two provided questions.

Question 1 : Case Study on sustainability, SDG & 2030 Agenda

Climate change, sustainability, and the uncertainty they are creating (it could be argued COVID-19 is interconnected to this) are considered some of the most critical challenges of our times. Universities and colleges play an important societal role in climate-related research, teaching, and engagement––taking a moral leadership role in this arena. As large land and building owners, the academic sector continues to make headway in reducing GHGs (greenhouse gases) and adapting to climate change in operations. This effort needs to match the current climate challenges of today and the future.

*Critically thinking about this statement on Dal U. above and what you have learned during the term, answer or address the following (each sub-question is weighed at 10-points, top awarded answers will provide a balance between providing a full answer and conciseness):

  1. Why are climate change and sustainability, mentioned above, critical challenges to Dalhousie, other universities, and humankind? Why does it matter today?
  2. Considering 2020 and beyond, what climate change (sustainability) planning processes, elements, and strategies does the university need to consider (hint: think about tools/learnings from the course, i.e., cases and project).
  3. Using the tools, strategies, etc. that you identified above, design an outline that could be used/considered to enable thinking and action on climate change for Dal U. as they move forward into the future.

Or

Question 2 -Mining the Moon: Case Study on stakeholder theory, globalization, and tragedy of the commons, desired futures

The world may be racked by the coronavirus, but Donald Trump has less earthly concerns on his mind, after signing an executive order last week encouraging the US to mine the moon for minerals. The executive order makes clear that the US does not view space as a “global commons”, opening the way for the mining of the moon without any sort of international treaty.

“Americans should have the right to engage in commercial exploration, recovery, and use of resources in outer space,” the order states, noting that the US had never signed a 1979 agreement known as the moon treaty. This agreement stipulates that any activities in space should conform to international law. In 2015, the US Congress passed a law explicitly allowing American companies to use resources from the moon and asteroids. According to Trump’s executive order, the US will object to any attempt to use international law to hinder its efforts to remove chunks of the moon or, should the opportunity arise, additional mining of Mars and “other celestial bodies”.

*Critically thinking about these statements above and what you have learned during the term, answer or address the following questions on the case topic (each sub-question is weighed at 10-points, top awarded answers will provide a balance between providing a full answer and conciseness):

  1. Why should this case be important to Canadian citizens and all global citizens of the world? Does it parallel past events and mindsets? What are the ethical challenges and implications of this case?
  2. Who could be considered stakeholders and what is their stake (self-interest) in this case? How does the concept of ‘tragedy of the commons’ insect with this case?
  3. Is there any easy solution to this case challenge? Why or why not? Using a creative approach, as presented in this course, and using an ethical framework that you have learned, offer possible strategies that might enable more desirable futures or what you might consider moral visioning for this case challenge.

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