Pat, a 40 year-old man, recently decided to quit smoking after smoking for approximately 15 years. Pat s wife, Sue, noticed that Pat became irritable, and experienced increased mood swings shortly after he quit smoking. Pat also noticed that he gained roughly 5 pounds shortly after quitting. Pat is experiencing which of the following? Anthony typically runs at a 7 minute/mile pace for 30 minutes, three times a week. Which of the following refers to the amount of energy or physical effort it takes him to complete his physical activity? Joel believes that the government has conspired to use increased cheese consumption as a weapon of mass obesity against it s own people!

Pat, a 40 year-old man, recently decided to quit smoking after smoking for
approximately 15 years. Pat s wife, Sue, noticed that Pat became irritable, and
experienced increased mood swings shortly after he quit smoking. Pat also noticed that
he gained roughly 5 pounds shortly after quitting. Pat is experiencing which of the
following?
Interpersonal problems
Tolerance
Withdrawal
None of the above
Anthony typically runs at a 7 minute/mile pace for 30 minutes, three times a week.
Which of the following refers to the amount of energy or physical effort it takes him to
complete his physical activity?
Moderate exercise
Duration of exercise
Vigorous exercise
Frequency of exercise

Joel believes that the government has conspired to use increased cheese consumption
as a weapon of mass obesity against it s own people!
Yes a certain pizza company got $12 million for advertising in order to increase
cheese consumption.
Yes cheese consumption has tripled in the last 30 years.
No, because the government should push cheese consumption so we can lose
weight eating dairy products
No, but selling cheese using government money helps prove a toxic food
environment.
You can lose weight on the Twinkie diet because:
Restricting dietary choice helps people eat less
It s not the types of food you eat, it s the amount (Twinkies only have 150 calories).
It s not the amount you eat, it s the types of food (Twinkies are low in fat).
Twinkies burn fat almost as well as dairy products.

Which is NOT a reason Joel gave for America s problem with obesity?
Toxic food environment.
Portions are too large.
People tend to eat the whole portion
There s too much emphasis on eating at social events.

According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (2008), which of the
following physical activity guidelines used for older adults?
60 minutes, every day
150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity exercise
75 minutes per week of vigorous-intensity exercise
B & C, modified according to a case by case basis
Who said this? Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.
Michael Pollan
Kelly Brownell
Paul Arciero
Michael Ormsbee
Marion Nestle

Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) may not confer the benefits of exercise
because often it is NOT:
Easy to incorporate into daily life
Anaerobic exercise
Resistance training
Aerobic exercise

According to studies by Blumenthal and his colleagues,
Exercise is as effective as antidepressants for treating depression
Exercise is not as effective as antidepressants for treating depression
Exercise less effective than the combination of antidepressants plus exercise for
treating depression
Exercise is not as fun as taking antidepressants

According to a study by Blumenthal and his colleagues:
Exercise and antidepressants for depression have about the same relapse rates
Using antidepressants to treat depression results in less relapse than exercise
Using exercise to treat depression results in less relapse than antidepressants

The study conducted at the Cooper Institute showed what about the dose of exercise
that is effective for treating depression?

It can be less than the public health dose (or recommended guidelines for exercise)
It can be the same as the public health dose (or recommended guidelines for
exercise)
It must be more intense than the public health dose (or recommended guidelines
for exercise)
Shirley Moore s System Change approach to exercise maintenance after treatment is
based on
Improving the patient s motivation
Reducing the cost of exercise programs
Understanding the impact of the social environment on exercise

The principle function of the respiratory system is to take in ____ and to eliminate ____.
leukocytes . . . oxygen
oxygen . . . carbon dioxide
oxygen . . . methane
nitrogen . . . carbon dioxide and methane

People cough in response to smoke because
coughing expels irritants from the respiratory tract.
coughing is a substitute for sneezing.
coughing draws oxygen more deeply into the lungs.
of the action of the alveoli.

A disorder characterized by the obstruction of respiratory passages and loss of
bronchial elasticity is
bronchitis.
allergy.
emphysema.
bulimia.

Nicotine is
a stimulant.
a tranquilizer.
both of these.
neither of these.

The most common chronic lower respiratory disease which occurs when bronchi lose
their elasticity is ______________.
emphysema
acute bronchitis
chronic bronchitis
lung cancer

Charlie Sheen initially consumed approximately 3 beers twice a week with his friends
and reported feeling buzzed after drinking. Overtime, he consumed the same amount of
alcohol and noticed he no longer felt buzzed. Charlie Sheen is experiencing which of
the following criteria for a substance-use disorder?
withdrawal
tolerance
using more than intended
desire to decrease use

Which of the following variable(s) are used to determine an individual s estimated blood
alcohol concentration (BAC)?
Gender
Number of drinks consumed per hour
Body weight
All of the above

Mike is enrolled in an outpatient treatment program to assist him with his alcohol-related
difficulties. His therapist provides him with information regarding how alcohol affects the
body and ways to decrease his risk from drinking. His therapist also works with Mike to
identify potential triggers for drinking, and other barriers that may impede his recovery.
This type of treatment is referred to as:
psychopharmacology
harm reduction
abstinence-only
self-help

________ drinking is having 5 or more drinks on the same occasion at least once per
month.
Binge

Moderate
Heavy
Regular

Tolerance refers to
the ability to tolerate large doses of drugs without impairment of psychological or
physical abilities.
a strong psychological desire and craving for a drug.
the property of a drug that requires increasingly higher levels to get the same
effect.
the property of a drug that requires changes in the body's physical functioning,
making the drug necessary for normal functioning.
When a drug becomes incorporated into the functioning of the body's cells and thus
becomes necessary for "normal" functioning, ________ has occurred.
dependence
tolerance
withdrawal
death

The combination of physiological dependence and withdrawal symptoms is usually
referred to as
addiction.
tolerance.
psychological dependence.
psychological addiction.

Luke believes that the average Kent State student consumes approximately 5 drinks, 3
days a week during the academic school year. According to social learning theory, this
is an example of:
Drinking motives
Injunctive norms
Drinking expectancies
Descriptive norms

The most effective treatment(s) for weight maintenance is/are:
Dieting

Exercise
Diet and exercise
Surgery

____________ levels fall when fat stores fall, which may provide a long-term signal to
eat more.
Leptin
Ghrelin
Cholecystokinin (CCK)
Ventromedial

The Tripartite Influence Model (van den Berg, Thompson, Obremski-Brandon, &
Coovert, 2002) asserts that eating disorders are caused by all of the following EXCEPT:
Genetics
Family factors
Media factors
Peer factors

This treatment for eating disorders uses cognitive restructuring, psychoeducation, and
self-monitoring.
Interpersonal Therapy
Dialectical Behavior Therapy
Family Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Lisa, a 20 year-old college student, spends a lot of time being concerned with her
appearance. Due to her concern, she avoids changing in a locker room where other
women may scrutinize her appearance. Lisa also wears loose fitting clothing most of the
time, such as baggy sweat pants and a hoodie. Which components of body image
would best characterize Lisa s concerns?
Affective component
Body avoidance
Cognitive component
Body checking

Research has shown a positive relationship between obesity and

high blood pressure.
nonfatal heart disease.
diabetes.
all of these.

In a typical week, Mary consumes approximately three meals a day. However, she
experiences intense feelings of guilt and becomes distressed after consuming certain
types of food such as ice cream, pizza, and chicken wings. Although Mary eats a
recommended portion size of these foods, she reports feeling out of control and eats
rapidly. Mary is experiencing which of the following?
Subjective binge episode
Typical eating episode.
Objective binge episode.
None of the above.

What type of exercise requires specialized equipment to promote muscle strength and
muscle endurance?
isokinetic
isotonic
isometric
anaerobic

What distinguishes anaerobic exercise from aerobic exercise?
the amount of muscle contraction
the amount of oxygen consumption
the degree of joint rotation
the amount of body movement

People may lose weight through exercise alone if they
engage in vigorous physical activity about an hour a day.
combine isometric exercise with isokinetic exercise.
run short distances at a fast speed.
combine isokinetic exercise with isotonic exercise.

Young children who exercise regularly
do not gain health benefits from their exercise program.

gain more protection from heart disease than do adolescent children who exercise.
have lower cholesterol levels than do children with no consistent exercise program.
receive life-long protection against heart disease.

Mike, an avid runner, is registered for the following races with his peers: The Color Run,
Warrior Dash, and the Zombie Run. Mike reported a desire to run these races in order
to spend more time with his peers and to have fun. Which of the following reasons for
exercising would best characterize Mike?
Weight control
Enjoyment
Fitness
Mood

Sarah, a 23 year-old graduate student, enjoys engaging in various types of physical
activity such as weight training and cardiovascular fitness. She goes to the gym several
times a day and completes a 2-hour workout each time. Sarah often misses social
activities with her peers as a result of her workout schedule. Recently, Sarah fractured
her hip and continued to exercise at her usual intensity despite this injury. Which of the
following terms best describes Sarah s behavior?
Excessive exercise
Typical exercise
Obligatory exercise
None of the above

Exercise is associated with the following health benefits EXCEPT:
Decreases tumor onset and growth
Improves insulin resistance
Decreasing HDL and increasing LDL
Protects against osteoporosis

Which of the following individuals would meet the inclusion criteria for bariatric surgery
according to their body mass index (BMI)?
Matt: Six feet tall and weighs 265 pounds, yielding a BMI of 35
Elizabeth: Five feet five inches tall and weighs 151 pounds, yielding a BMI of 26
Five feet ten inches tall and weighs 310 pounds, yielding a BMI of 46
Melissa: Five feet eight inches tall and weighs 158 pounds, yielding a BMI of 24

 
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