See description | Psychology homework help

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Week 7 Learning Resources

This page contains the Learning Resources for this week. Be sure to scroll down the page to see all of this week’s assigned Learning Resources.

Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Readings

·         Capuzzi, D., & Gross, D. R. (Ed). (2011). Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and interventions. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

o    Chapter 9, “Cognitive-Behavioral Theories” (pp. 193–213)

o    Chapter 10, “Dialectical Behavior Theory” (pp. 215–235)

o    Chapter 11, “Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy” (pp. 237–261)

o    Chapter 12, “Reality Therapy/Choice Theory” (pp. 263–285)

Note: This week’s chapters are for review, as they are the same as assigned for Week 6.

·         Document: Analyzing Counseling Theories (Word document)

Note: This document will be used for the completion of this week’s Assignment.

Media

·         Psychotherapy.net. (Executive Producer). (1997). Cognitive-behavioral therapy with John Krumboltz[Video]. 
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 111 minutes.

·         Psychotherapy.net. (Executive Producer). (1997). Reality therapy with Dr. Robert Wubbolding [Video]. 
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 110 minutes.

There are no videos for DBT or REBT in this video series.

 

Week 7 Discussion

Theory in Action: Cognitive and Behavioral Approaches

Have you ever heard the term “positive addiction”? In general, this term is used to describe the act of replacing a negative addiction, like smoking, with a positive activity, like exercising. Both smoking and exercising can be perceived as a means to reduce stress; however the act of exercising is clearly the healthier option of the two. William Glasser, the founder of reality therapy was the first to introduce this term. Glasser believed that these positive addictions can increase the strength and motivation that people feel in their lives.  

Have you ever stood on a crowded elevator and considered singing a song? Did you know that this could actually be an intervention used by a cognitive-behavioral counselor called a shame-attacking exercise? In shame-attacking exercises, clients engage in an activity that others around them might disapprove of, thus causing shame to the client. Experiencing the brief discomfort caused by these actions is thought to decrease feelings of social anxiety and self-consciousness. 

For this week’s Discussion, you consider which theoretical approach most resonates with you: reality therapy or a generalized CBT approach. You then watch the media piece that translates this theory into practice. Specifically, you examine how the counselor depicted in the media used your selected theoretical approach to guide his or her interventions.

Note: When crafting your Discussion post, support your ideas by providing references to specific examples from the video. In addition, cite the video frame (e.g., 8.32 minutes) that the action or intervention occurred. You do not need to summarize the demonstration itself, as your Instructor and many of your colleagues have also viewed it. Instead, provide insight into the interventions used and major constructs of the theory.

Post by Day 3 a brief description of the video you selected and the theoretical approach used. Explain how this theory resonates with you. Then, describe the counselor’s specific interventions that would indicate his/her theoretical approach and explain how effectively the counselor demonstrated the approach. Finally, share one insight you gained from watching the counselor in the media.  

Respond by Day 5 to at least two of your colleagues using one or more of the following approaches:

·         Identify colleagues who selected a different theory from you. Critically appraise your colleagues’ critique of the counselor’s actions.

·         Provide insight into how another CBT theory could have been used to address this client.

 

Week 7 Assignment

Application: Analyzing Counseling Theories

This Application continues your side-by-side analysis of learning theories. Download the chart template, “Analyzing Counseling Theories,” from this week’s Learning Resources to continue your Assignment.

Part 1: Chart

·         Use the chart template to analyze counseling theories.

·         Select two theories from this week’s Learning Resources.

·         Describe the background theory, human nature, major constructs, applications, and evaluations of each counseling theory.

Part 2: Reflection (1 page)

·         Describe a specific population of clients with whom you hope to work in the future.

·         Explain which of the two theories in your chart would be the most effective in working with this client population and explain why.

·         Describe the interventions you would suggest from this theory and how these interventions would assist this client population in reaching counseling goals.

Submit your assignment by Day 7 of this week.

Submission Instructions:

Both parts of this week’s Assignment, the chart and reflection, will be submitted as one document to the Assignment link below. Use template provided.

Save your Assignment as:

·         WK7Assgn+last name+first initial.doc

Follow the submission instructions below.

Week 7 Learning Resources

This page contains the Learning Resources for this week. Be sure to scroll down the page to see all of this week’s assigned Learning Resources. To access select media resources, please use the media player below.

Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Readings

·         Ivey, A. E., Bradford Ivey, M., & Zalaquett, C. P.  (2016). Essentials of intentional interviewing: Counseling in a multicultural world (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.

o    Chapter 9, “Empathic Confrontation” (pp. 178-197)

·         Jacobs, E., & Schimmel, C. (2013). Impact therapy: The courage to counsel.

·         Chapter 4, “Ways to Have Impact”

·         Chapter 5, “Rapport”

·         Chapter 6, “Contract”

·         Strong, T., & Zeman, D. (2010). Dialogic considerations of confrontation as a counseling activity: An examination of Allen Ivey’s use of confronting as a microskill. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88(3), 332–339.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

·         Document: Skills for Week 8 Mock Counseling Video

Media

·         Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2010f). Counseling techniques — micro-skills III. Baltimore, MD: Author. 

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 32 minutes.

Week 7 Discussion

Culture and Nonverbal Communication

In everyday conversation, you probably find yourself pausing, listening, and reflecting on what the other person is saying. These naturally occurring moments of silence are arguably as important to the communication process as the spoken words are. Counseling sessions are no different—it is often an appropriate technique to sit in silence with your client(s). For example, a counselor may remain silent in order to allow a client to ponder what she or he just said or to facilitate smooth transitions between topics and a natural progression of clients’ thoughts. Silence may be used effectively in conjunction with other nonverbal skills, such as body language and eye contact, to build the therapeutic alliance. On the other hand, abrupt silences and prolonged unproductive silence can damage that alliance.

For this Discussion, review this week’s Learning Resources and consider how and when you might use silence to benefit a client.

Post by Day 4 an example of when using silence as a technique might benefit a client in a counseling session. Then, explain how you might use the technique in that particular situation. Finally, explain the degree to which you are comfortable using silence as a technique with a client.

Be sure to support your initial post of the week with specific references to the Learning Resources and the current literature.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.

Respond by Day 6 to at least two of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:

·         Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.

·         Provide an alternative way to use the technique in the situation your colleague described.

·         Provide an alternative suggestion for when you might use silence in counseling.

·         Suggest how a colleague’s use of silence might have a different outcome than intended.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned and/or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

 

Week 7 Assignment 1

Assignment: Confrontation in Counseling

Complete the “Confrontation Skills Worksheet” according to the directions, using the assigned readings and course media found in the Learning Resources.

·         Document: Confrontation Skills Worksheet

Submit your Assignment by Day 7.

 

Week 7 Assignment 2

Journal: Information/ Psychoeducation

Why is it a bad idea for counselors to give ‘advice’? What if the client asks? 

This Journal entry is a type of counselor “show and tell” in which you will first identify a particular client or population and then explain how you might briefly teach them some evidence-based information relevant to their concerns that would provide depth and structure to the counseling session.

Briefly describe the specific evidence-based  information or  model that you selected to share with clients during a counseling session. Be specific about  the exact phrasing of how this would be presented.  Describe the impact that sharing this information or model might have upon the counseling session that follows. Finally explain the difference between the micro-skill of Information and value-generated advice giving. 

*[MCFC Students: Select information that is relevant for a couple or a family.]

Submit your Journal by Day 7.

 

Week 8 Learning Resources

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This page contains the Learning Resources for this week. Be sure to scroll down the page to see all of this week’s assigned Learning Resources. To access select media resources, please use the media player below.

Required Resources

Readings

Capuzzi, D., & Gross, D. R. (Ed.). (2011). Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and interventions (5th ed.). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

Chapter 13, “Family Theory” (pp. 287–311)

Chapter 14, “Feminist Theory” (pp. 313–333)

Chapter 15, “Transpersonal Theory” (pp. 335–353)

Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling. (2009). Competencies for addressing spiritual and religious issues in counseling. Retrieved from http://www.aservic.org/resources/spiritual-competencies/

Media

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Ethics and Legal Issues counseling course preview [Video]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

 

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 3 minutes.

 

Accessible player 

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Postmodern theories [Interactive Media]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

 

Note: Please click on the following link for the transcript: Transcript (PDF)

Week 8 Discussion

Applying Family, Feminist, and Transpersonal Theories

Reflect upon two personal or professional goals you might like to achieve. If you were to visit a counselor with these goals in mind, which theoretical approach might help you to achieve them? In addition, what type of counseling style might you connect with the most? 

In this Discussion you use the media, Postmodern Theories, to seek the help of three counselors. As you listen to each counselor’s theoretical approach, consider how each might be the most effective in addressing your unique goals. In addition, take note of the emotions that you feel while you virtually sit in the client’s seat. 

Note: This post does not require you to share any personal information about yourself. Though you should use personal or professional goals to assist you in selecting a theoretical orientation, you may present the ideas of your posting in a more general format.

Post by Day 3 an explanation of which approach might be most effective and explain why. Then, explain how this particular approach may help a client to achieve his or her goals. Finally, explain what it felt like to sit in the client’s seat.

Respond by Day 5 to at least two of your colleagues using the following approach:

·         Provide a different perspective as to why this theoretical approach might inhibit clients from reaching their goals.

QUESTION 1

1.       The term used to describe a family system’s tendency to maintain predictable interactional processes is:

[removed]

a.

Family project process

[removed]

b.

Cybernetics

[removed]

c.

Centripetal

[removed]

d.

Family homeostatis

2 points   

QUESTION 2

1.      Self-in-relation theory is the work of:

[removed]

a.

Sharf and Bem

[removed]

b.

Jordan and Surrey

[removed]

c.

Jean Baker Miller

[removed]

d.

Betty Freidan

2 points   

QUESTION 3

1.      The first person to introduce the subjects of consciousness, spiritualism, and psychical research into the mental health fields was:

[removed]

a.

Carl Jung

[removed]

b.

Abraham Maslow

[removed]

c.

William James

[removed]

d.

Sigmund Freud

2 points   

QUESTION 4

1.      The term used to describe one of the perceptual sets people use when looking at society and their place in it is:

[removed]

a.

Gender schema

[removed]

b.

Egalitarian

[removed]

c.

Engendered lives

[removed]

d.

None of the above

2 points   

QUESTION 5

1.      Which of the following family therapists is best known for his/her structural approach to treatment:

[removed]

a.

Satir

[removed]

b.

Bowen

[removed]

c.

Haley

[removed]

d.

Minuchin

2 points   

QUESTION 6

1.      The “Competencies for Addressing Spiritual and Religious Issues in Counseling” were developed by which of the following divisions of the American Counseling Association?

[removed]

a.

Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling

[removed]

b.

Association for Religion, Philosophy, and Spirituality in Counseling

[removed]

c.

American Pastoral Counselors Association

[removed]

d.

There is not a division of the American Counseling Association that developed these competencies.

2 points   

QUESTION 7

1.      One of the primary goals of transpersonal counseling is to:

[removed]

a.

Bring the client to an acceptable level of mental health

[removed]

b.

Bring the client to a point where he or she can begin to work on transpersonal issues

[removed]

c.

Take the client into the realm of transcendence, unity, and extraordinary mental health

[removed]

d.

None of the above

2 points   

QUESTION 8

1.      Two major disorders given a great deal of attention in feminist literature are:

[removed]

a.

Personality disorders and bipolar disorders

[removed]

b.

Borderline personality disorders and hypertension

[removed]

c.

Eating disorders and PTSD

[removed]

d.

Insomnia and PTSD

2 points   

QUESTION 9

1.      Which of the following is not a fundamental principle of feminist counselors?

[removed]

a.

The personal is political

[removed]

b.

A commitment to social change

[removed]

c.

A commitment to the establishment of an authoritarian relationship

[removed]

d.

Honoring women’s experiences and appreciating their perspectives, values, and strengths

2 points   

QUESTION 10

1.       A strategy for empowering clients is to involve them in naming their problem and participating in directing the counseling process. This strategy is called:

[removed]

a.

Self-disclosure

[removed]

b.

Gender role analysis

[removed]

c.

Demystifying the counseling process

[removed]

d.

Client empowerment

2 points   

QUESTION 11

1.       Which of the following family therapists is best known for his/her strategic approach to treatment?

[removed]

a.

Satir

[removed]

b.

Bowen

[removed]

c.

Haley

[removed]

d.

Minuchin

2 points   

QUESTION 12

1.      According to transpersonalism:

[removed]

a.

Healthy development is marked by one’s advancement from personal to transpersonal concerns.

[removed]

b.

Healthy development is marked by one’s quality of relationships.

[removed]

c.

Healthy development is impossible to define.

[removed]

d.

Healthy development is not a goal.

2 points   

QUESTION 13

1.      Within the transpersonal states of functioning, which of the following developmental lines or stages exist?

[removed]

a.

cognitive

[removed]

b.

vision logic

[removed]

c.

psychic

[removed]

d.

all of the above

2 points   

QUESTION 14

1.       A counselor directing family members to engage in a communication game to examine how their incongruent messages lead to pain and lower self-esteem is following which approach to family therapy?

A counselor directing family members to engage in a communication game to examine how their incongruent messages lead to pain and lower self-esteem is following which approach to family therapy?

 

[removed]

a.

Conjoint

[removed]

b.

Transgenerational

[removed]

c.

Narrative

[removed]

d.

Structural

2 points   

QUESTION 15

1.      The term _______________ means beyond the personal, ego, or self.

[removed]

a.

archetypal

[removed]

b.

transpersonal

[removed]

c.

reductionistic

[removed]

d.

monistic

2 points   

QUESTION 16

1.      The core practice of transpersonal counseling includes which of the following:

[removed]

a.

Mindfulness

[removed]

b.

Yoga

[removed]

c.

Biofeedback

[removed]

d.

All of the above

2 points   

QUESTION 17

1.       ________________ occurs when a family modifies problem behaviors yet maintains its present structure.

[removed]

a.

First order change

[removed]

b.

Second order change

[removed]

c.

Third order change

[removed]

d.

Fourth order change

2 points   

QUESTION 18

1.      A multifaceted process, occurring across the life span is called:

[removed]

a.

Gender role identification

[removed]

b.

Gender bias

[removed]

c.

Genderfication

[removed]

d.

Gender role socialization

2 points   

QUESTION 19

1.       Teasing out stressors poses a challenge for the family counselor because of the family’s:

[removed]

a.

Mistrust of therapy

[removed]

b.

Many stories

[removed]

c.

Multigenerational issues

[removed]

d.

Severity of pain

2 points   

QUESTION 20

1.       Which of the following family therapists is best known for his/her conjoint approach to treatment?

[removed]

a.

Satir

[removed]

b.

Bowen

[removed]

c.

Haley

[removed]

d.

Minuchin

2 points   

QUESTION 21

1.      Although the theoretical underpinnings of transpersonal theory can be credited to a number of individuals, theories, and philosophical approaches to mental health and spiritual experience, _____________ has emerged as the primary leader of this burgeoning field.

[removed]

a.

Groff

[removed]

b.

Wilber

[removed]

c.

Jung

[removed]

d.

Maslow

2 points   

QUESTION 22

1.       The family life spiral is:

[removed]

a.

An example of family decline

[removed]

b.

A linear model

[removed]

c.

An example of a life stressor

[removed]

d.

A developmental model

2 points   

QUESTION 23

1.       Which of the following is one of the “Competencies for Addressing Spiritual and Religious Issues in Counseling”?

[removed]

a.

The professional counselor can describe the similarities and differences between spirituality and religion, including the basic beliefs of various spiritual systems, major world religions, agnosticism, and atheism.

[removed]

b.

The professional counselor recognizes that the client’s beliefs (or absence of beliefs) about spirituality and/or religion are central to his or her worldview but cannot influence psychosocial functioning.

[removed]

c.

The professional counselor can identify the limits of his or her understanding of the client’s spiritual and/or religious perspective and is acquainted with religious and spiritual resources, including leaders, who can join in counseling sessions with the counselor and client.

[removed]

d.

All of the above

2 points   

QUESTION 24

1.      ___________ wrote that Kohlberg’s model of moral development was more applicable to men than women.

[removed]

a.

Carol Gilligan

[removed]

b.

Barbara Herlihy

[removed]

c.

Vivian Carroll McCollum

[removed]

d.

Nancy Chodorow

2 points   

QUESTION 25

1.       __________ attributed the difference between women and men to the fact that women are primarily responsible for early child care.

[removed]

a.

Carol Gilligan

[removed]

b.

Barbara Herlihy

[removed]

c.

Vivian Carroll McCollum

[removed]

d.

Nancy Chodorow

 

 

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