The LEAST accurate method of assessing rate of adherence is to . The pill cap microprocessor is an improved variation of which method of assessing adherence? In a study that examined medication adherence in heart failure patients, adherence was measured by both a Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS) and by patient self- report. ______ predicted survival over a 6-month period, whereas ______ did not.

The LEAST accurate method of assessing rate of adherence is to
ask the practitioner.
ask the patient.
ask the patient's family.
monitor medication usage.
Patients' self-reports of adherence
are valid but not reliable.
have questionable validity.
are less valid than physicians' reports.
are more valid than examination of biochemical evidence.

The pill cap microprocessor is an improved variation of which method of assessing
adherence?
physician judgment
patient judgment
examination of biochemical evidence
monitoring medication usage

In a study that examined medication adherence in heart failure patients, adherence was
measured by both a Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS) and by patient self-
report. ______ predicted survival over a 6-month period, whereas ______ did not.
Patient self-report; MEMS
MEMS; patient self-report
Practitioner self-report; MEMS
Exercise; MEMS

Some chronic conditions, such as HIV and arthritis, show _____ adherence rates where
diabetes and pulmonary disease show ______ adherence.
low; high
high; low
low; low
high; high

For individuals who are depressed, their risk of nonadherence is ____ greater than
individuals who are not depressed.
four times

five times
two times
three times
The following disease characteristic is the MOST accurate predictor of patient
adherence:
severity of the disease as seen by the attending physician
patient s perception of the severity of the disease
severity of the medication's side effects
a medication with no side effects

Nonadherence rises abruptly when the prescription requires the patient to take one pill
once a day.
twice a day.
three times a day.
four times a day.

Self-efficacy refers to
people's belief that they can perform those behaviors necessary to bring about
control over events that influence their lives.
people's belief that their particular lifestyle is a healthy one even when it is not.
people's belief that a course of action will result in an ideal state of physical and
psychological health.
people's attitude toward the inevitability of disease and death.

The best predictors of health-related behavior in the health belief model are
perceived susceptibility & perceived barriers
perceived severity & perceived barriers
perceived benefits & perceived severity
perceived barriers & perceived benefits
_______ methods for improving adherence increase knowledge, however ______
approaches have been shown to increase adherence.
Educational; behavioral
Educational; socioeconomic
Behavioral; educational

Socioeconomic; educational

__________ refers to people s motivation at a given moment to engage in a risky
behavior.
Behavioral willingness
Perceived behavioral control
Subjective norms
Implementation intentions

The ______ system allows us to interpret certain sensory information as pain.
somatosensory
endocrine
skeletal
muscular

Nociception refers to the process of perceiving ________.
stress
pain
anger
oxygen

These proteins produced by the immune system increase pain sensitivity, along with
increasing fatigue and sickness:
proinflammatory cytokines
endorphins
opiates
both a and b

 
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