This personality trait has been associated with a pain-resistant personality. According to the gate control theory, emotions such as ______ could increase pain by affecting the gate to open, whereas emotions such as _____ could decrease pain by affecting the gate to close. According to the gate control theory of pain, the structure that is the likely location of the gate is. A personality inventory sometimes used to assess pain is the

This personality trait has been associated with a pain-resistant personality.
Conscientiousness
Extraversion
Neuroticism
There is no pain-resistant personality

According to the gate control theory, emotions such as ______ could increase pain by
affecting the gate to open, whereas emotions such as _____ could decrease pain by
affecting the gate to close.
happiness; depression
joy; anxiety
anxiety; happiness
depression; anxiety
According to the gate control theory of pain, the structure that is the likely location of the
gate is
the substantia gelatinosa.
the ventral horns of the spinal cord.
the transverse section of the medulla.
supraspinal nerve endings.

A personality inventory sometimes used to assess pain is the
California Personality Inventory.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.
Edwards Personality Schedule.
Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey.

The two most common types of pain are
cancer and headache.
arthritis and low back.
headache and low back.
cancer and low back.
For phantom limb pain, the pain is more likely in the missing limb when:
there was much pain before the amputation.

there was no pain before the amputation.
the amputated limb is a leg.
all phantom pain is the same pain intensity.
Medical procedures used in pain management have traditionally included
cognitive therapy.
drugs.
surgery.
both drugs and surgery.

1 points

Aspirin-type analgesic drugs are most effective in
treating gastric disorders.
relieving cancer pain.
treating injuries that are accompanied by inflammation.
treating patients who are candidates for surgery.

Analgesic drugs are effective for pain control, but
most people misuse these drugs, using dangerous amounts.
NSAIDS are more effective than opiates.
anesthetic drugs are preferable for controlling chronic pain.
antidepressant drugs may also be useful in treating some types of pain.

Of the medical and psychological interventions for managing chronic pain, __________
is/are probably the most effective.
surgery
opiate drugs
biofeedback
cognitive behavioral therapy
Chronic diseases are more common than acute diseases, but
fewer people die of chronic diseases.
people who have a chronic disease try to live as normal a life as possible.

chronic diseases are more easily cured than acute illnesses.
people with a chronic disease are more likely to seek medical treatment.

The diagnosis of a chronic disease may be seen as a crisis or a psychosocial transition,
but both views acknowledge that such a diagnosis
requires adaptation.
affects families more than individuals.
is more difficult for women than for men.
is more difficult for people with diabetes than Alzheimer s disease.

In contrast to people with acute illnesses, those with chronic disorders are more likely to
develop a hopeless attitude toward their condition.
accept their physician's authority.
comply with medical advice.
be aware of their disease.

Chronic diseases affect children, with _____ of children having some chronic physical
health problem.
1-5%
10-15%
25-30%
50-60%

______ functioning is the best predictor of quality of life in individuals who are coping
with a chronic illness.
Physical
Psychological
Physiological
Environmental

Which type of coping strategies tends to produce the best results when dealing with the
stresses of chronic illness?
emotional coping
avoidant coping
active coping
both a and c

____ is the disorder caused by insulin deficiency.
Pancreatitis
Appendicitis
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucagon

The hygiene hypothesis holds that asthma is a result of _____ that has become
common in modern society.
cleanliness
cigarette smoking
industrial pollution
dust mites
Death from AIDS is due to
a direct effect of the deadliness of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
the destruction of the immune system, leaving people vulnerable to a variety of
infections, any of which can be fatal.
poor medical care for those infected.
the tendency of those who are infected to avoid medical care until a critical stage of
infection has been reached.
Most adults exhibit__________ following a death of a loved one.
resiliency
acute-recovery
improvement
chronic low levels of well-being

Economic factors may exert a negative effect on adherence by
Limiting access to screening tests.
Preventing people from getting prescriptions filled or refilled
Increasing social support
Both A & B

Which is true regarding how the quality of death affects those left behind?
Spouses of those who died a good death experience less anger.

Spouses of those who died a good death experience less yearning.
Spouses of those who were not able to die a good death experienced less anger.
Spouses and family of those who died a good death felt little grief.

The largest risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is _______.
genetics
age
body weight
all of the above

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus
is a mutated form of cancer that can be traced back to the early 1900s
is an altered form of pneumonia that first appeared in Africa.
causes the human immunodeficiency virus

The psychosocial factor most strongly tied to poor diabetes management is:
social support
depression
anxiety
weight

 
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