Which of these is NOT a measure of the parasympathetic nervous system? In comparison with heart attack patients who do not participate in a cardiac rehabilitation program, those who do The third most frequent cause of death is _______, which is the result of oxygen deprivation to the brain. For blood pressure, _______ pressure represents pressure generated by the heart s contractions and _______, pressure represents pressure experienced between contractions.

Which of these is NOT a measure of the parasympathetic nervous system?
Heart rate variability (HRV)
Baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS)
Pre-ejection Period (PEP)
HR Recovery from treadmill stress test

In comparison with heart attack patients who do not participate in a cardiac
rehabilitation program, those who do
have lower death rates from cardiovascular disease
have an increased rate of nonfatal heart attacks
have an increased rate of fatal heart attacks
tend to have lower death rates from heart disease but higher death rates from
stroke
Coronary arteries
carry blood from the heart to the remainder of the body
carry blood from the body's extremities to the heart
furnish blood to the heart
furnish blood to the brain

The disorder that includes the formation of plaque in the arteries is
angina pectoris
atheromatous fatigue
atherosclerosis
arteriosclerosis

Restriction of blood flow is called
arteriosclerosi
s
ischemia
arrhythmia
an embolism

Myocardial infarctions

are commonly known as heart attacks
are seldom life threatening, but serve as a signal of possible heart disease
result from loss of oxygen to the brain
none of these

What is the system that consists of the heart, arteries, and veins?
Musculoskeletal
Cardiovascular
Endocrine
Immune

The third most frequent cause of death is _______, which is the result of oxygen
deprivation to the brain.
hypertension
angina pectoris
a stroke
a myocardial infarction

For blood pressure, _______ pressure represents pressure generated by the heart s
contractions and _______, pressure represents pressure experienced between
contractions.
diastolic, systolic
diastolic, presystolic
systolic, diastolic
presystolic, diastolic

Approximately ________ of Americans have hypertension.
one-third
one-fourth
one-half
two-thirds

A disorder characterized by a restriction of oxygen to the heart, a sensation of crushing
pain, and a difficulty in breathing but no loss of consciousness or damage to
myocardium is
stroke

arrhythmia
heart attack
angina pectoris

The single best predictor for heart attack and stroke is
obesity
hypertension
high cholesterol
lack of exercise

Including both heart disease and stroke, a little over _____ % of deaths in the U.S. are
due to cardiovascular disease.
20
30
70
85

The decline in deaths from cardiovascular disease during the last four decades of the
20th century was due to
better dietary practices
reduction in cigarette smoking
improvements in medical care
all of these

The 1964 Surgeon General s report on the dangers of smoking was one of the studies
that led to widespread lifestyle changes and lowering of cardiovascular disease rates.
The other influential study was
the 1965 Surgeon General s report
the Alameda County Study
the Framingham Heart Study
the Chattanooga Cardiovascular Prevention Trial

Differences in hormones may help explain some of the differing rates of cardiovascular
disease in men and women; ______ are responsible for much of the gender gap in
heart disease.
behavioral factors

physiological factors
psychological factors
both b and c

Which ethnic group has the highest risk for cardiovascular death?
Native Americans
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Asian Americans

All of the following are physiological risk factors for cardiovascular disease EXCEPT:
cholesterol
hypertension
inflammation
physical activity levels

People who currently smoke are _________to suffer a heart attack that people who
have never smoked.
three times as likely
just as likely
ten times as likely
twice as likely

Extra weight carried around which body part is related to an increase risk for heart
attack?
the hips
the abdomen
the chest
the thighs

When health care researchers refer to problems in glucose metabolism, they are
describing
either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes
one component of the metabolic syndrome
a combination of elevated blood pressure and elevated cholesterol

both a and b

With regard to obesity and heart disease, it can be stated that
obesity is causally related to heart disease
obesity is an independent risk factor in heart disease
obesity is related to hypertension, which is related to heart disease
obesity is unrelated to heart disease
A diet high in ___________ offers protection against cardiovascular disease.
monosaturated fats
fruits, vegetables, and fish
high-fiber cereals and grains
high-oxidant foods
Individuals with few people in their social networks
are more than twice as likely to die of coronary artery disease than those with
larger social networks
are about half as likely to die of coronary artery disease as those with larger social
networks
are at higher risk for heart disease if they are married
are not at elevated risk for heart disease unless they also score high on loneliness
All of the following factors predict development of cardiovascular disease and also
failure to adhere to rehabilitation after a cardiac event EXCEPT:
being depressed
being a smoker
being overweight
being anxious
Cardiac patients experience a number of psychological problems following heart
surgery. The most common of these are
paranoia and delusions
anxiety and depression
anxiety and decreased self-esteem
anger and sleep disturbances
Cancer
is a relatively new disease, first diagnosed during the latter half of the 19th century

is a group of diseases marked by the growth and spread of new cells
is due to a parasite that attacks new cells
is due almost completely to contact with dangerous chemicals
The main difference between benign and malignant tumors is
that malignant cells can invade surrounding tissues
the ability of benign tumors to metastasize
the size of the tumor each produces
that benign tumors attack nearly any tissue, whereas malignancies are specific to
animal (including human) tissue cells
Metastasis refers to
the growth rate of benign tumors
the spread of malignancy from one part of the body to another
a type of breast cancer
a particularly deadly form of lung cancer
All of the following are types of malignant growths EXCEPT
carcinoma
leukemia
lymphoma
benign
Most cancer deaths in the United States are caused by
pollution
genetic factors
diet and smoking
the sun
In the United States, both prostate cancer and breast cancer
have the highest incidence and the highest mortality
rates
have low incidence and low mortality rates
have high incidence but relatively lower death rates
none of these

In the United States, _____ cancer has the second highest death rate of any cancer.
lung
colorectal
breast
prostate
Recent evidence suggests that genetic factors play the biggest part in the development
of _____ cancer.
breast
prostate
lung
colorectal
_______ is the leading cause of death among children aged 1-14 years and ______ is
the second leading cause of death for that age group.
Cancer; unintentional injury
Cancer; cardiovascular disease
Unintentional injury; cancer
Cardiovascular disease; cancer
A high-fat diet that contributes to high cholesterol levels appears to be a risk factor for
_____________.
lung cancer
breast cancer
testicular cancer
colorectal cancer
Exposure to the human papillomavirus (HPV) increases risk for ____ and ____ cancer.
cervical; breast
cervical; oral
breast; oral
oral; throat
Among the following, which of these factors carries the lowest risk factor for cancer?
several family members developed cancer before age 50
a diet high in vegetables

being African American
having multiple sex partners
Physical activity seems to offer some protection against
non-Hodgkin s lymphoma
colon cancer
bone cancer
lung cancer
The circulation of blood permits
the transportation of oxygen to body cells
the removal of carbon dioxide from cells
both a and b
neither a nor b

 
"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!"

Hi there! Click one of our representatives below and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

Chat with us on WhatsApp